If you opted for a cremation service for a family member and are considering an ash-scattering memorial, this ash-scattering guide will walk you through the safe way to scatter cremation ashes, the different options available to you, the laws on scattering cremated remains, and what scattering service options are offered by service providers.
How to scatter ashes safely
Cremation ashes are sterile, organic matter so it is safe to disperse the cremation ash into the environment. However, there are some important points you need to consider if you are planning on scattering a loved one’s cremation ashes.
If you plan to personally scatter by dispersing the ashes into the air, ocean, waterway, or ground, here are some tips to ensure you can scatter the remains safely and respectfully.
Bear in mind the texture of cremated remains & how this affects the dispersal
Cremains are the crushed bone fragments that remain after cremation. The cremation ashes are not always uniform in texture. The cremation ash can contain ashes that are as light as dust or powder and will easily disperse, but there can be more coarse pieces that will not as easily disperse.
Consider wind direction before the dispersal of ashes
If you plan to empty cremains from a container or urn, bear in mind the wind direction. The light, powder-like cremains can easily blowback on you as you empty the container.
Remember, the Big Lebowski moment where the ‘Dude’ played by Jeff Bridges ends up covered in Donnie’s ashes as they scatter them from a coffee tin on the Pacific coast!
This is definitely NOT how an ash-scattering should go. Aside from the fact that that there is an ick factor in being covered with cremated remains, it is also not safe to have cremated remains blow into your eyes. It is possible small particles (as they are bone fragments) could be sharp and irritate the eyes.
So, rule #1…. Check the wind direction before you empty the cremation urn!
If a group is gathered to disperse the ashes, ensure everyone is together grouped perpendicular to the wind.
Expect some of the cremains to fall as lumps, or a ‘clot’, of cremated ash
It is common for some particles to bind together in the cremation container, which means that not all the ash will disperse as powder. Do not be surprised if some larger particles and lumps of ash fall to the ground as you attempt to disperse.
Only use organic material for any scattering memorial tribute
The cremains are organic, so are safe for the environment. If you want to do something to accompany the scattering to pay tribute, just bear in mind it should also be organic in nature. For example, some people like to scatter flower petals as they release the ashes or even small handwritten goodbye notes on paper or tissue. Anything that poses no harm to the environment and will naturally decompose is safe and acceptable.
Be respectful of other people’s feelings about ash-scattering
Different folks have differing feelings about scattering ashes. Not everyone is comfortable with it. Although the Catholic Church has now accepted cremation, they still mandate against ash-scattering, and that cremated remains should be interred in ‘sacred ground’.
So, be discreet if in a public area, and/or choose a time to scatter when not so many people are around. If on a beach, or in a public park, find some distance from the beaten path!
Be mindful of your choice of location for scattering ashes
As I mentioned above, be mindful of where you choose to scatter. The laws pertaining to scattering ashes are somewhat vague at present, apart from places that mandate against it or require permits, such as sports grounds, national parks, historic landmarks, etc.
Also, consider the implication of where you opt to scatter, in terms of accessibility and long-term access to the site. Some families have no intention of returning to an ash-scattering site, but future generations at some point, may wish to feel ‘connected’ to a lost family member…….will the location still be there and accessible in years to come?
So, these points should help you plan a safe ash-scattering that family and friends can participate in and make a befitting tribute to your lost loved one.
Where can I scatter ashes?
This is a BIG question! There are actually relatively few places that have mandated to prohibit scattering cremated remains. So, apart from some Sports Grounds, Historic Landmarks, and Public Parks, you have a lot of choices. Because of several wildcat* scatterings in recent years, a number of places that were popular for this type of wildcat scattering have now prohibited it. These are places like football or baseball grounds, race tracks, and big public parks like Central Park in NYC.
Most National Parks will permit the scattering of ashes, so long as the points raised above about safe scattering are observed. There are a few parks that do require the family to fill in a permit before scattering the cremains.
Any private land merely requires the permission of the landowner, and many clubs or outdoor business locations, have seen the benefit of embracing the demand for ash-scattering. For example, many golf courses will facilitate the scattering of ashes on a favorite hole.
Scattering at the ocean-side, or out at sea, is a common practice in those states that are coastal. This can take 2 forms: dispersing the ashes on the beach or from rocks or taking a boat out to sea.
Scattering ashes on the beach or ground
Creating a trench for cremation ashes:
Trenching is the term used to describe digging a shallow trench to put the cremated remains in. The ashes can be emptied directly into the trench, or a biodegradable urn can be buried in the trench. This is the nearest compromise to a traditional burial. This can be done at a bespoke green cemetery, or in a natural green place.
At a beach this is generally done at low tide, allowing the ashes to wash into the ocean as the tide comes in.
Points to consider:
- Ensure you take the correct tools to dig a suitable trench, bearing in mind the ground you need to open.
- Generally, about a foot is deep enough to bury a biodegradable urn or disperse the ashes into.
- If you wish to place a memorial marker, ensure it is suitable to the location. Rocks, pebbles, wood, or flowers would be acceptable in most natural landscapes.
Raking the cremated remains into soil or sand:
Raking of ashes is just that! Raking the scattered ashes into loose soil or sand. This exposes the ashes to the elements, so they break down much quicker and absorb into the ground. Organic cremated remains can be raked into topsoil in flower gardens or other natural locales.
Points to consider:
- Use an appropriate tool to rake the cremains into the ground.
- Like trenching, be sure to consider how the location may change over time.
Scattering cremains in water – Ocean, Lake, River or waterway
scattering cremated remains in a body of water is probably one of the most popular ways that people choose to scatter cremated remains. And there are so many water options….from scattering ash in the ocean, at a beach, a roaring river, or a peaceful lake.
If choosing to scatter on a beach or from the edge of a lake, it is quite simple to host your own ash-scattering memorial. If a family wishes to go out to sea to scatter or onto a lake, then a boat will be required. Both of these can be done fairly inexpensively, especially if you have your own boat.
There are also a number of charter services that offer sea-scatterings. A scattering of ashes at sea can be either accompanied or unaccompanied. Some charter companies offer unaccompanied sea scattering services at an affordable price as they can take out several remains in one charter to perform sea scatterings. A chartered accompanied sea scattering can cost anything upwards of $450, depending on the size of the boat and the length of the charter. Unaccompanied scattering services can start at around $100 – $150, as an incremental add-on to a cremation package. Generally, the charter will provide the family with the GPS coordinates of the scattering and a sea scattering certificate.
Scattering cremation remains by airplane
Scattering ashes by air is an option for those more land-locked. It is not as common as sea scattering as it does require the specialized services of an airplane and pilot, and can work out expensive. An air scattering can be accompanied or unaccompanied, but as most services are offered by small planes, it does not suit a large group.
One of the most difficult things with an air scattering is ensuring that the cremains do not blow back into the cabin. Most air scattering companies that specialize do have the equipment to enable the safe dispersing of the ashes without the risk of the cremains blowing into the airplane.
Points to consider:
- Bear in mind that ashes scattered in the air will spread and disperse over a wide area.
- If you have a large family or group who wish to participate, then this option may not be a good fit. If you are set on an air-scattering, you could consider an unaccompanied scattering, where the plane has a video camera attached to record the event.
Laws about scattering cremated remains
As of yet the scattering of cremains is not especially legislated. Technically, the EPA mandates that a burial (or scattering) at sea should be conducted 3 nautical miles from the coast. Cemeteries that offer memorial scattering gardens have their own regulations that families must abide by. If you are considering a public venue, you would need to contact the venue and inquire as to their regulations.
As cremation and ash-scattering memorials grow in popularity many places have seen the opportunity arise to embrace the notion of offering memorial services for scattering. For example, golf courses have become popular scattering venues for former members and a great way to memorialize, fertilize and encourage the family to keep returning to the club!
Some sporting venues have opened to allowing scattering. As with golf clubs, it has been viewed as a beneficial way to encourage families to have a lasting connection with the venue. But there are also several public places that have started to mandate against cremains being scattered within their boundaries. And then you have the places that are mandating regulations and charging to facilitate the scattering service.
Different types of scattering options
Finally, we must mention there are a few other different scattering options.
Balloon Scattering – This can take 2 forms. Using a hot air balloon to take the cremated remains into the air and then scatter them from the hot air balloon. Or using Eternal Ascent that offers a service to fill a biodegradable balloon with helium and ashes and releasing the balloon into the atmosphere. At 30,000 feet, the balloon will freeze and shatter, releasing the ash at a great height. The point to consider is that there is little control over where the balloon will eventually release the ashes.
Shotgun shell firing
You can have the cremated remains added to shotgun shells which can then be fired into the air, and the remains scattered.
Celestis is a company that offers a service to blast a capsule with a few grams of cremated remains into space.
Hopefully, this guide has answered some of your questions about how to scatter cremated remains, and given you some ideas for how to arrange a befitting ash-scattering tribute for a loved one. If you have any questions about scattering cremains, please contact us and we will do our best to assist.
For further reading on ash scattering and holding your own memorial tribute service – check out our post on Cremation & Ash Scattering: How Families are Conducting their own Memorial Services.
*Wildcat ash scattering: This term was coined in recent years to describe how families are choosing to do their own scattering of remains that the funeral industry frowns upon as it takes away the process of memorialization from the industry.
“In the past decade, more than 40 companies have been created to help people scatter ashes legally on land and sea by getting permissions and permits. But most families opt for wildcat scatterings, surreptitiously spreading ashes in favorite parks, stadiums, fishing spots, or wherever else feels meaningful.
Scientists agree that there is no health or environmental hazard from the spread of human ashes. . . . Despite this, theme parks, sports facilities, and other public facilities often discourage the scattering of ashes or decline requests, though some stadiums, typically overseas, designate certain areas where it is permitted.”
– Extract from WSJ Feb 3, 2010, Jeffrey Zaslow in Love, Honor, Cherish and Scatter.